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With about 350 kilometers of mapped underground caves, deep canyons and ancient sea ledges, Carlsbad Caverns’ beauty reaches above and below the Guadalupe Mountains of southeastern New Mexico.

On the surface of the park, canyons offer opportunities to hike, bike and climb, while the windy plains are home to a variety of wildlife. With so much to see above the ground, like the rugged canyons and desert valleys, you might forget about the incredible treasures hidden beneath the desert landscape. Below the park’s hiking trails and scenic overlooks sit more than 119 known caves, all formed from the surrounding limestone and all awaiting exploration. Visit the Big Room for a glimpse at the stunning rock formations, many of which have been around since the Ice Age.