The Blues Highway
Make a pilgrimage to a mythical musical crossroads
Highway 61 is the famed two-lane road that carried poor rural musicians and sharecroppers out of the dusty Mississippi cotton fields in the 1930s and ’40s. This ‘Blues Highway’ led them north towards Memphis and St. Louis, where audiences first clamoured for the raw, emotional singing and guitar playing that emerged from the Jim Crow South.
The cradle of the American blues movement, Clarksdale is an eerily compelling place—a flat, gritty town of 20,000 that lies at the well-known intersection of Highways 61 and 49—the crossroads, legend claims, where aspiring blues musician Robert Johnson sold his soul to the devil in exchange for the prodigious guitar-playing skills he acquired, seemingly overnight. Johnson, a tortured soul and a travelling man, only lived for music, whisky and women, and sang of ‘Hellhounds on My Trail’. Only 29 when he was allegedly poisoned by a jealous husband in 1938 at the Three Forks ‘juke joint’ in Greenwood, Johnson has influenced generations of blues and rock artists around the world.
Clarksdale has also produced such musical greats as Jackie (‘Rocket 88’) Brenston, Sam Cooke, Ike Turner and Muddy Waters. Join the thousands of music lovers from all over the world who peregrinate to the Delta Blues Museum, located in an 1812 train station at the edge of town. Here you can see, among countless displays, the actual wood cabin where Waters grew up as a sharecropper in the 1920s, as well as vintage guitars, photographs and other artifacts.
Other must-see sites include Cat Head Delta Blues and Folk Art, where you can browse bookshelves and record bins for obscure gems and one-of-a-kind art. The Ground Zero Blues Club, a cotton warehouse reconstructed as a ‘juke joint’ and within spitting distance of the Delta Blues Museum, serves blue-plate specials by day and smouldering live blues by night. It is co-owned by Oscar-winning actor Morgan Freeman (a native Mississippian), who is also a proprietor of Madidi, one of Mississippi’s best upscale restaurants.
Generally, though, eating options in town are more down-home, like the dishes at Abe’s Barbecue, serving sliced pork barbecue sandwiches that have been something of a legend since 1924; Hicks’ Variety Foods, known for spicy cornhusk-wrapped tamales as well as fried catfish; and Ramon’s, a real-deal dive with a leaky roof and old whisky-bottle table lamps, where the soul-food specialty is spaghetti with chicken livers.
Sure, a few chain motels line the outskirts of town, but why stay there when you can flop in a once dilapidated sharecropper’s quarters at the Shack Up Inn? Located on Hopson Plantation, the former farming enterprise is now home to an isolated rural ‘B ‘n’ B’—bed and beer. A row of shacks (now with indoor plumbing and air conditioning) is a big draw for blues tourists who embrace the down-to-earth rusticity of the place. Another atmospheric option is the old Riverside Hotel, a no-frills ranch house whose overnighters have included Ike Turner and the late blues fan John F. Kennedy Jr. A locally owned boardinghouse/budget hotel since 1944, the Riverside is notorious as the former hospital for blacks, where pioneering blues singer Bessie Smith died in 1937, following a car crash on Highway 61. Many of the blues greats stay here regularly, and during music festivals it is booked solid.
For sultry summer weather and live music that’s both lowdown and uplifting, make a point to be in Clarksdale on the second weekend in August for the Sunflower River Blues and Gospel Festival, held downtown. In mid-October, when the cotton is high, visit the literary Mississippi Delta Tennessee Williams Festival. Williams, renowned for such masterpieces as The Glass Menagerie and A Streetcar Named Desire, grew up in Clarksdale.
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Trip idea text ©Patricia Schultz. For contact information about the places mentioned and many more USA trip ideas, see Patricia Schultz's blockbuster book.